A birth defect is a problem that is also known as a congenital disorder, congenital disease, congenital deformity, and congenital anomaly. It can be minor or severe as it may occur when a baby is developing in utero or the womb.
A congenital disability can be of many types, like physical and mental development. Also, it can affect the appearance of a child or any disability regarding the organ functions. Generally, it can be classified into two types. One is a congenital structural disability in which any disability linked with the body part shapes. Another one is functional, in which the disability lies in the working of the body part of the functions of body parts.
Many children at the time of their birth possess both the structural as well as functional defects. It is called a severe birth defect. According to various researches, 1 out of 33 babies has the disorder at the time of their birth.
Classification Of Birth Defects:
- The followings are the structural birth defects:
- Heart Defects
- Undivided lip, when there is a split in the lip.
- Spina Bifida, It merely means that when a spinal cord does not develop properly.
- A Clubfoot, which means the foot bends towards inward instead of backward.
Functional defects are as follows:
- Down syndrome, which simply means that suspension in physical and mental development
- Cystic fibrosis is a severe genetic disorder that causes damage to the respiratory as well as digestive systems.
What Are The Causes Of Birth Defects?
- Consuming alcohol, drugs, or even smoking during the time of pregnancy can cause a birth defect in a baby.
- Genetically it can also be transferred from parents to their children.
- Maternal age of 35 years or older than that can also cause birth defects in a child or baby.
- Any virus or infection transmitted.
- Poorly controlled diabetes can also carry a risk of birth defects.
It can be cured by taking prescribed medications; by surgeries, it can also be treated and by physical exercise or home care, which is the most sustainable treatment for a baby.
Prevention Of Birth Defects:
- To prevent the birth defect, stop smoking cigarettes, drinking alcohol, consuming drugs during or after the pregnancy.
- Women with pre-health conditions like diabetes etc. must take proper medication and must take the instructions of the doctor.
- Maintaining a healthy weight also reduces the risk of birth defects and also reduces the risk of complications in pregnancy.
- Do not ever consume medicines without the prescription of the doctor in daily life as well as during pregnancy.
- Proper knowledge is another weapon for you to deal with such a situation as knowing that what no to do during the pregnancy would be much better than not knowing.
A birth defect is a defect that can be minor or severe as it may occur when a baby is developing in utero or the womb. A birth defect can be of two types, such as physical and mental development. Generally, it can be divided/classified into two types. One is a structural birth defect in which any disability linked with the body part shapes. The causes, as well as symptoms, are mentioned above; also, there are various precautions given above, which are also beneficial to some extent.