Many people face medication errors in the health sector. Patients need better dosages related to their problem but often fail to receive such treatments. Therefore, they need to understand 9 types of errors that everyone is facing.
Healthcare professionals now encounter more difficulties than ever before. Every hour of every day, more people visit the doctor. As a result, all medical professionals—including doctors, nurses, and administrators—must adjust to the demands of new healthcare technology. It includes electronic health record (EHR) systems and computerized provider (physician) order entry (CPOE) systems. Medical errors are expensive not just financially but also in terms of patients losing faith in the healthcare system. It results in patient satisfaction dropping, and healthcare workers’ morale declining because they frequently feel powerless to change the situation.
It’s never a good idea to “don’t ask, don’t tell” when it comes to your mental health and prescriptions. Never be afraid to ask questions or to let your healthcare professionals know if anything doesn’t seem right. Keep in mind that you are the last line of defense against Medication Errors.
What Do You Mean By Medication Errors?
The following has been endorsed as the official definition of medication error by the National Coordinating Council for Medication Error and Prevention (NCCMERP): ” any preventable event when the medicine is under the control of the health care provider, patient, or consumer that may result in or contribute to inappropriate medication usage or patient harm. The following activities may be connected to professional practice, healthcare systems, and products: order communication, prescribing, packaging, product labeling, nomenclature, compounding, dispensing, and distribution.
How Do Medication Errors Occur?
Anywhere, including your home, the doctor’s office, hospital, pharmacy, and senior care facility, medication mistakes can occur to anyone. Due to the fact that kids often require different medicine dosages than adults, children are particularly vulnerable to medication errors. As a terrible article about a nurse’s unfortunate error a few years ago brutally revealed, deaths brought on by medical errors are tragic not just for the patients and their families, but also for the healthcare workers who are accountable.
Reasons Behind These Errors:
You may play it safe by being aware of your adversaries. The most typical reasons for Medication Errors are:
- Ineffective dialogue between you and your doctors
- Medication names with similar pronunciations and similar appearances
- Medical acronyms
9 Types of Medical Errors
- Prescribing Errors: Prescribing errors are when the wrong medication is chosen for a patient due to their allergies or other factors. Additionally, the incorrect concentration, rate of entry, method (oral vs. intravenous), dose, type, quantity, or route could be employed.
- Omission Errors: Omission errors occur when a pharmaceutical dose is not administered before the next one is planned.
- Wrong time Errors: Wrong time errors occur when a drug is administered earlier or later than expected.
- Improper dosing Errors: improper dosing errors, when a patient receives more or less medication than is necessary to treat their illness.
- Wrong dose Errors: mistakes involving the administration of the incorrect dose despite the right dosage having been prescribed.
- Technique Errors: Errors in the administration of medications, such as giving them intravenously rather than orally.
- Administration Error: administration mistakes, such as administering the medication to the wrong patient, administering an additional dose, or administering it at the improper rate
- Monitoring Error: Monitoring mistakes include neglecting to record an allergy or the possibility of drug interaction, or failing to consider the patient’s liver and kidney function
- Compliance Error: Compliance mistakes, such as failing to adhere to protocol or regulations set forth for the distribution and prescription of pharmaceuticals
How To Reduce Medication Error?
Prescription reconciliation is a procedure that your healthcare providers can use to greatly reduce your risk of medication errors.
Comparing the list of prescription drugs that your doctor currently has with the list of drugs you are currently taking is known as medication reconciliation. This procedure is carried out to prevent drug errors like:
- Missing medications (omissions)
- Duplicate medications
- Dosing errors
- Drug interactions
Every time new drugs are ordered or old orders are changed during a transition of care, medication reconciliation should take place. Changes in setting (such as admission or discharge from the hospital), health care provider or degree of treatment are examples of transitions in care. Your mental health care professionals will have the clearest picture of your illness and be less likely to prescribe the wrong prescription if you share your most recent information with them.
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you experience Medication Errors despite your best efforts before deciding whether to file a report with MedWatch, the Food and Drug Administration’s program for reporting safety and adverse events. It’s simple, secure, and confidential to report a drug error to MedWatch, and doing so could prevent harm to others.