Antibiotics are great use to treat bacterial diseases effectively. But its overuse can be way more problematic and could even be fatal in severe conditions.
Antibiotics, often known as antibacterial drugs, kill or slow bacteria’s proliferation. They consist of a variety of potent medications that are used to treat bacterial illnesses. Our immune system can usually eliminate bacteria before they grow and produce symptoms. This is because our White blood cells (WBCs) destroy harmful germs, and even if symptoms appear, our immune system is typically able to manage and combat the infection. However, there are times when the number of hazardous germs is excessive, and the immune system cannot fight them all. Antibiotics can be in handy in this situation.
Antibiotics can modify bacteria so much that they no longer operate on them if taken far more often or even for the wrong purposes. This is referred to as bacterial or antibiotic resistance. As a result, even the most potent antibiotics aren’t any longer effective against some germs.
Drug-resistant bacteria that have developed new resistance mechanisms, leading to antimicrobial resistance, continue to threaten our capacity to treat common diseases. The increasing global spread of multi- and pan-resistant bacteria, which cause illnesses resistant to existing antimicrobial medications such as antibiotics, is particularly concerning.
Unhealthy and excessive use of antimicrobials; lack of access to clean water, sanitation, and hygiene; budget-friendly medications, vaccines, and diagnostics; the total absence of awareness and knowledge; and lack of regulation are the main causative agents of antimicrobial resistance.
Severe Infections Caused By Antibiotic-Resistant Organisms
Campylobacter is bacteria that is resistant to antibiotics. It causes diarrhoea (often bloody), fever, and abdominal pains in humans. It got transmitted to human beings from different animals by contaminated food, particularly raw or undercooked food.
Carbapenem Resistant Acinetobacter:
Carbapenem-resistant Pneumonia, wound, bloodstream, and urinary tract infections are all caused by Acinetobacter. Almost 90% of these infections occur in people who have recently received treatment in a medical setting.
Drug-Resistant Candida Auris:
Candida Auris is a multidrug-resistant yeast that has recently emerged. It can spread quickly between hospitalized patients and care home residents, causing severe infections.
Neisseria gonorrhoea is bacteria that causes gonorrhoea, a sexually transmitted infection that can cause life-threatening ectopic pregnancy and infertility, as well as raising the chance of contracting and transmitting HIV.
Antibiotics are a cornerstone of modern medicine, yet their widespread usage has resulted in undesired side effects. As a result, 2 million people are afflicted with antibiotic-resistant bacteria each year, resulting in at least 23,000 fatalities.
Antibiotics Increase Terminal Diarrhea Rates In Children
According to a new CDC report, children who receive antibiotics for common chronic bronchitis are more exposed to antibiotic-resistant forms of the bacteria C. diff. C. diff, bacteria prevalent in the gastrointestinal system, can cause diarrhoea and is responsible for 250,000 hospital infections and 14,000 fatalities in youngsters each year.
Antibiotics Have The Potential To Upset Delicate Gut Flora
While aggressive medicines can assist with a severe infection, they can also wipe out many beneficial gut bacteria, leaving those resistant to antibiotics to thrive. C. diff diarrheal infections are an example of this. In addition, many people, particularly youngsters, are sensitive to unwanted antibiotic adverse reactions, including long-term alterations in their gut flora.
Antibiotics Are Causing An Increase In Uncurable Gonorrhea Cases
In addition to C. diff, the CDC is keeping a close eye on occurrences of antibiotic-resistant gonorrhoea. In addition to causing pain, untreated gonorrhoea has been associated with pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy, tubal infertility, and newborn eye infections, among other things. As a result, experts are concerned about the rising threat, implying a greater understanding of the bacteria’s epidemiology is required.
Increases Hospital costs
This means that clearing patients of infection necessitate more time-consuming and costly treatments.
Antibiotics are most effective if they are correctly taken. The first step is to be sure you need the antibiotic. If you have a bacterial infection, only use medications that your doctor has prescribed. Discuss the proper manner of intake of antibiotics with your doctor to get the best results. You may feel better after some days of the initial information of an Antibiotic.
Here are some of the consequences of the overuse of an antibiotic. It may cause even the unimaginable and can be fatal in cases. Therefore, get an appropriate prescription along with the correct manner of its intake.