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Prematurity Awareness – Symptoms And Causes Of Premature Birth

Preterm birth is defined as one that happens more than three weeks before the baby’s expected due date. In other terms, a preterm delivery is one that happens before the 37th week of pregnancy officially begins.



November 17, we take a moment to show compassion and support for families who are experiencing the anxiety of premature births by observing World Prematurity Day.

Preterm birth is defined as one that happens more than three weeks before the baby’s expected due date. In other terms, a preterm delivery is one that happens before the 37th week of pregnancy officially begins.

Causes Of Premature Birth

Premature babies usually have complicated medical problems, especially those who are born very early. Problems caused by prematurity frequently vary. The closer your baby’s due date gets, though, the more likely it is that issues will arise.

Depending on how soon they are born, a baby’s age may change.

Birth preterm and late Pregnancy lasts for 34 to 36 complete weeks.

Slightly premature 32 to 34 weeks of pregnancy at birth.

Very early labour and delivery, occurring before 32 weeks of pregnancy

The birth that occurs before week 25 of pregnancy or prematurely,

Why Is Your Risk Increased?

There are numerous factors that can raise your risk of premature labour. Among them are:

  • Smoking
  • Being extremely overweight or underweight prior to conception
  • Being 40 or older or in your teens
  • Not receiving enough prenatal care
  • Consuming alcohol or utilizing illicit substances when pregnant
  • Having health issues including diabetes, high blood pressure, preeclampsia, pre-existing infections, blood clotting issues, or pre-eclampsia
  • Being expecting a child that has specific birth abnormalities

Symptoms Of Premature Birth

Symptoms Of Premature Birth

Being born too soon or showing very few symptoms could cause your child to have more obvious problems.

Prematurity may manifest in any of the following ways:

Small size, with an oversized head that is not proportional to it Sharper-looking, less rounded features than those of a full-term baby because to a lack of fat reserves.

Lack of body fat stores causes low body temperature, especially shortly after delivery in the delivery room.

Breathing that is laboured or respiratory discomfort.

Feeding issues result from a lack of swallowing and sucking reflexes.

What Are The Most Typical Reasons For Early Birth?

Reasons For Early Birth

Unknown causes can cause preterm births to occur suddenly. Healthcare providers may need to induce (start) labour for medical reasons early. Premature delivery can also occur for the following reasons:

  • Abuse of alcohol or drugs.
  • Multiple births, like twins or triplets.
  • Preeclampsia (high blood pressure during pregnancy) (high blood pressure during pregnancy).
  • Issues with their cervix or uterus.
  • Less than 18 months is too little time (between pregnancies)
  • Infections or bleeding during pregnancy.

There is currently little literature to support the procedures used for the diagnosis and management of premature labour, and little is known about how to prevent preterm birth. The goal of treatment has been to prevent contractions. Although the rate of preterm birth has not decreased. As a result, the delivery has been postponed long enough to allow for the administration of prenatal steroids and the transfer of the woman and foetus to a hospital where they may receive the necessary care. The rates of prenatal death and morbidity have decreased due to these measures. The survival rates of infants born preterm have considerably increased thanks to advancements in prenatal and neonatal care. However, these infants are still at risk for various acute and chronic health issues. Therefore, there is a need for therapies and interventions that can anticipate preterm birth and prevent it.

What Can I Do To Lessen The Likelihood Of Having A Kid Too Soon?

Which lady will give birth early cannot be predicted with any degree of certainty. If you have any of the risk factors mentioned above, seek aid or therapy as soon as you can, preferably before you become pregnant.

Every day, consume a 400 mcg-folic acid multivitamin. Begin before becoming pregnant.

Whether you are pregnant or not, this is crucial for your health. It is also crucial for the early weeks of your baby’s growth.

Plan your pregnancies and give yourself enough time in between. If there are only 6 to 9 months between the birth of one child and the start of the subsequent pregnancy, there is a higher chance of having a premature baby.

Be aware of the early indicators of labour if you are pregnant. You are most at risk if you have ever given birth prematurely, are expecting twins or more, or have specific cervical or uterine abnormalities.


WHO has created new guidelines with suggestions for enhancing preterm birth outcomes. These crucial actions can increase preterm newborns’ chances of survival and their overall health. The recommendations cover interventions for both the mother and the newborn baby, such as thermal care, feeding support, kangaroo mother care, safe oxygen use, and other treatments to help babies breathe more easily. They also cover Prematurity Awareness interventions for the mother, such as steroid injections prior to birth, antibiotics when her water breaks prior to the start of labor, and magnesium sulphate to prevent future neurological impairment of the child.

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