The most prominent infectious killer diseases in India: here are the nine most common contagious diseases, their symptoms, and causes.
Infectious diseases are a condition that is caused by simple microorganisms. Our bodies are hosts for billions of organisms, which are usually harmless. Still, seldom they can also lead to disease; the cardinal feature of an infectious disease is that it can be transmitted from person to person. Some viruses also have the characteristic of transmission by insects or by other animals. The most typical symptoms associated with an infectious disease are fever and fatigue, which in mild cases, can be treated with home remedies. Still, usually the infections require hospitalization and intensive care.
India being a tropical country is host to a variety of organisms and therefore has a high degree of prevalence of infectious diseases, the most prevalent illnesses that affect the Indian population are:-
Typhoid is an infection that is caused by the microorganism Salmonella Typhi, which usually transmits through the ingestion of contaminated for and water. It is an acute illness which is generally characterized by symptoms like prolonged fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, and sometimes even diarrhea, these symptoms are very non-specific and are hard to distinguish. It occurs in association with poor sanitation and lack of clean water.
Tb or tuberculosis is a disease that is caused by a microorganism called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This organism can infect and damage almost any part of the body, but usually, it goes after the lungs.
TB results in people who usually suffer from a weak immune system, TB spreads from one individual to another through the airborne route; it often spreads when an infected person coughs, sneezes, talks.
The disease may appear in infected individuals as a nasty cough, history of weight loss, a loss of appetite, coughing up of blood, weakness, and night sweats.
Pneumonia is an infection which affects the air sacs of the lungs; the cysts may be filled with fluid or pus, various bacteria, viruses, and fungi can cause this disease.
This disease usually presents itself as a history of chest pain while breathing or coughing, fatigue, sweating and chills, nausea, vomiting, and shortness of breath.
Meningitis is an inflammation of the protective membranes of the brain and spinal cord, which is usually caused by a viral infection or bacteria and is highly contagious. This disease often manifests in the form of symptoms like nausea, altered mental status, vomiting, irritability, headache, fever, chills, stiffness of the neck, and appearance of purple areas of skin, which look like bruises.
Measles is a highly infectious disease caused by a virus; this disease is very easily spread through droplets. I.e., a sneeze, a used tissue, or sharing food with an infected individual. The symptoms of this disease are visible after 10-12 days, which she:- a high-grade fever, a runny nose, bloodshot eyes, and small white spots on the inside of the mouth; after a few days, a facial rash is visible.
A Plasmodium parasite with leads causes this disease to a breakdown of the human blood cells. This disease is spread through mosquito bites and appears as fever, headache, sweats, chills, and vomiting, and very rarely seizures.
This fever is also transmitted through mosquito bites. Still, in this case, the disease is caused by a virus, the symptoms which appear once an individual is affected by dengue are:- a sudden high fever, severe headaches, pain behind the eye, severe joint and muscle pain, fatigue and nausea.
Cholera is a disease that manifests as diarrhea, which can complicate itself as severe dehydration. This disease spreads by contaminated food or drinking water, once infected, this disease usually appears as:- very acute and watery diarrhea accompanied by vomiting; this diarrhea may lead to dehydration, which, when left untreated, can lead to death.
Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver, which is commonly caused by a viral infection; the most common type of hepatitis usually spreads through consuming food and water, which has been infected. The symptoms of hepatitis are:- fatigue, dark urine, abdominal pain, pale stool, loss of appetite.