Nail Fungus: Causes, Symptoms, And Treatment

Nail Fungus

A fungus produces a nail infection. This infection may arise in the toes and fingernails. Toenails are especially prone to it. Onychomycosis is another term for a fungal infection of the nail.

Nail Fungal Infection Symptoms

The nail is affected by symptoms, which might include nails that are:

  • Blemished (usually white or yellow)
  • Brittle
  • Clumsy or with rough, jagged edges
  • Thick
  • Severing from the nail bed
  • Curled up or down, or have a deformed shape

If the infection is severe, it might cause discomfort. For example, the athlete’s foot is a condition that affects certain persons who have fungal nail infections. It is a disorder that affects the skin surrounding the toes similarly. Fungal diseases may also cause ingrown toenails.

What Causes A Fungal Infection Of The Nails?

In most cases, exposure to a fungus causes the illness. The fungus thrives in moist, dark environments. The fungus flourishes when your feet are in a warm, sweaty environment (socks, work boots). It gets into your nail through a fissure in the nail.

Fungal infections of the nails may occur at any age. However, they are more frequent in persons over the age of 60. In addition, they are frequent in persons with diabetes or circulatory issues. They are also frequent in patients who have a compromised immune system. Fungal nail infections are more common in males than in women.

How Is A Fungal Infection Of The Nails Diagnosed?

Your doctor will examine your nails and quiz you. They may take a sample of your nail and send it to a lab to determine whether you have an infection. There may be different explanations behind your manifestations, and your PCP can assist you with sorting out what they are.

Is It Possible To Prevent Or Avoid A Fungal Infection Of The Nails?

Avoid circumstances where you could be exposed to a fungus. It requires walking barefoot in locker rooms and frequently having moist hands and feet. Also, it could be a concern for those who work in restaurants or cleaning. Nail fungal infections may affect members of the same family concurrently. It occurs when their immune systems are unable to combat the virus. It’s also possible that the virus spreads when the same towels are used. To reduce the danger of fungal infection, it is essential to clean your shower, tub, and bathroom regularly.

Treatment For Fungal Nail Infection

Fungal nail infection may treat with prescription medications. Oral antifungal medications aid in the growth of a new nail. It will take the place of the diseased nail. You may need to take antifungal medication for 6 to 12 weeks. Some oral medications are not suitable for patients with liver disease. In addition, they are not ideal for persons who have had congestive heart failure in the past. If you have any of these conditions, please notify your doctor. Your doctor will choose which medication is best for you.

Topically apply topical treatments (creams and paints) on your nails. Unfortunately, fungal nail infections are often not treated with topical medications.

In extreme circumstances, a doctor may entirely remove the nail. The illness might last from several months to a year.

Living With A Fungal Infection Of The Nails

Some Items May Assist If You Have A Nail Fungal Infection:

  • Keep your nails short and file any thick spots down.
  • Use a different nail trimmer and file on healthy and diseased nails. Bring your nail file and trimmer from home if you have your nails professionally groomed.
  • For damp tasks, put on waterproof gloves (such as washing dishes or floors). For dry labor, use 100% cotton gloves.
  • Socks consisting of wicking material should be worn (high-tech polyester). Moisture is drawn away from the skin as a result of this. If your socks get moist from sweating or your feet become wet, replace them. Every day, put on clean, dry socks. Put over-the-counter antifungal foot powder inside your socks to keep your feet dry.
  • Wear shoes with a broad toe area and adequate support. Wearing pointed shoes that force your toes together is not a good idea.
  • In public places, such as locker rooms, avoid walking barefoot.


Onychomycosis is the most prevalent nail infective condition, accounting for over half of all nail problem consultations. Onychomycosis has been documented to be a gender- and age-related disease, with males being more common and rising with age in both genders. Onychomycosis may affect more than 40% of the elderly. Diabetes, peripheral vascular disease, and immunosuppression due to HIV or immunosuppressive medications are risk factors. Toenail onychomycosis is becoming increasingly common. Onychomycosis is caused by a fungus of several sorts, including yeasts, dermatophytes, and molds. Onychomycosis is generally often caused by dermatophytes, which damage the nails, skin, and hair, keratin-containing tissues.

Preeti Shah
Preeti Shah
She is a chief editor and handles SEO. She loves health and fitness blogging. In her spare time, she is usually searching the web for interesting and fascinating health fitness ideas. She is the most inspirational person for women's empowerment and fitness.

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