Hemorrhoids: Causes And How To Get Rid Of Them

Risk Factors Of Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids are bulging and swollen veins (also known as varicose veins) located around the anus or lower rectum. The rectum is the gut’s last section, leading to the anus, the orifice at the end of the colon, via which fecal waste exits the body.

In this area, everyone possesses hemorrhoidal tissue, which is made up of blood vessels, connective tissue, and some muscle. These “cushions” do not necessarily become enlarged or distended, but as we become older, this condition becomes more prevalent, resulting in hemorrhoids, sometimes called piles.

Hemorrhoids may be caused by various factors, which are straining to pass a bowel movement. For example, lifting heavy things and other activities that induce straining might result in hemorrhoids—other variables contribute to high blood pressure during pregnancy and overweight.

Hemorrhoids may be unpleasant and irritating if they occur often, but they are not hazardous or life-threatening, and symptoms usually resolve within a few days. In addition, there are several efficient treatments available and choices for less common forms of hemorrhoids that may be more bothersome.

Hemorrhoids are classified as internal, and Exterior Hemorrhoids may be internal or external.

Internal Hemorrhoids

These hemorrhoids form within the rectum (the section of the big intestine that leads to the anus) and usually are not apparent to the naked eye. Internal hemorrhoids seldom hurt, although they often bleed painlessly.

Internal hemorrhoids may extend through the anus and be visible in certain circumstances, a condition known as becoming prolapsed. When this occurs, they either shrink back within the rectum on their own or maybe be forced back in.

Hemorrhoids On The Outside

These hemorrhoids are from behind the skin on the exterior of the anus. These are the most bothersome hemorrhoids since they may be itchy or painful and feel lumpy. A thrombosed hemorrhoid occurs when a blood clot develops inside external hemorrhoid, resulting in severe, continuous discomfort. Clots may dissolve on their own at times, but if they don’t, your doctor can remove them, which is most successful if done within 72 hours of the clot developing.

Hemorrhoids Signs And Symptoms

Although seeing blood in your toilet bowl after a bowel movement is unsettling, it is one of the most common indicators of hemorrhoids. Other signs and symptoms include:

  • After a bowel movement, you may see bright red blood on the toilet paper or in your stool.
  • itchiness in the anal region
  • Pain in the anal region, particularly while sitting
  • Pain during bowel motions
  • one or more painful firm bumps around the anus

If you have any of these hemorrhoid symptoms, avoid straining, rubbing, or cleaning around the anus, since this may aggravate irritation and itching and potentially lead to bleeding. Furthermore, instead of wiping the area dry, try patting it.

Hemorrhoids: Causes And Risk Factors

Hemorrhoids Are Considered To Be Caused By Several Diseases And Behaviors, Including:

  • Constipation or diarrhea that persists
  • Excessive straining during bowel movements
  • Long periods spent on the toilet
  • Straining, constipation, and extended sitting may impair blood flow in the region, causing blood to travel slower (known as pooling) inside the vessels, resulting in hemorrhoids.

Factors That Increase Your Chances Of Acquiring Hemorrhoids Include:

There is a deficiency of fiber in the diet.

Obesity: Obesity may impose strain on the hemorrhoidal tissue.

Aging: As we become older, the connective tissue in the rectum and anus weakens, leading to bulging hemorrhoids.

Pregnancy: The veins in the rectum and anus may swell as the fetus develops and exert pressure on the abdomen. The issue usually resolves itself when the baby is born.

How Are Hemorrhoids Identified?

Your doctor will want a description of your symptoms and a medical history. They may also search for skin irritation, lumps or swelling, external hemorrhoids, prolapsed internal hemorrhoids, skin tags (extra skin remaining after a thrombosed hemorrhoid’s blood clot is absorbed by the body), and anal fissures (small tears in the anus that can lead to itching and bleeding)

Your doctor may also look for blood in your stool, assess your anus’ muscle tone, and do a rectal exam to rule out internal hemorrhoids. It is done at the doctor’s office using a gloved, lubricated finger (a digital rectal examination of the lower rectum) and an anoscope (a lighted tube inserted a few inches into the anus to assist the doctor in examining any issues within the rectum lining).


Hemorrhoids, usually known as heaps, are swelling veins situated in the lower rear-end and rectum. These holders’ dividers get touchy when they are extended. Although hemorrhoids may be uncomfortable and painful, they are readily treated and completely avoidable. Because hemorrhoids tend to worsen with time, physicians recommend treating them as soon as they emerge.

Preeti Shah
Preeti Shahhttps://www.99healthideas.com/author/preeti/
She is a chief editor and handles SEO. She loves health and fitness blogging. In her spare time, she is usually searching the web for interesting and fascinating health fitness ideas. She is the most inspirational person for women's empowerment and fitness.

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