PCOD means Polycystic Ovarian Disease, which is also known as PCOS – Polycystic Ovary syndrome; it is a very common condition that affects 5% to 10% of women in the age group 12–45 years. It is a problem in which a woman’s hormones are out of balance. It can cause problems with menstrual periods and make it difficult for her to conceive.
Most women are not aware of this condition till now because several myths are present, which will ruin the concept of this disease. There are several ways by which you can control the effect of this syndrome. PCOD/PCOS is commonly known as the Polycystic Ovary Disease and Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, respectively. This syndrome is mainly known for the hormonal imbalance in women. The following information will give you everything you need to know about PCOD/PCOS.
Women with this syndrome will face many challenges like the higher production of male hormones in the body, which will lead to lower chances of getting pregnant. It will also heighten the growth of hair on your face and body. When the male hormones increase in the body, it makes your menstrual cycle skip. This becomes hard for you to balance when you try to get pregnant. You should know that women affected with this syndrome will also face long-term health conditions such as diabetes & severe cardiac disease.
You should also know that when it comes to taking drugs to cover the hormonal imbalance, then taking diabetes drugs and birth control pills will help you protect most of the side effects from hormonal imbalance. It will also take care of the higher production of male hormones.
What Is PCOD/PCOS?
PCOS or PCOD is mainly known for the hormonal imbalance in women. Several surveys and studies prove that women in their teenage age will suffer from this problem prominently. It is also established that most women do not know that they have this condition, but they are diagnosed with several long-term conditions after some years. You should understand that Polycystic Ovary Syndrome directly influences the reproductive system of women & makes it harder for you to ovulate every month or get pregnant.
As we know, women’s ovaries stimulate progesterone, and estrogen is responsible for your menstrual cycle. Still, the ovaries also produce some amount of make hormone that is androgen. Every month women go through the ovulation process, which is responsible for the pregnancy. Ovulation means the discharge of eggs from the ovaries for fertilization by the sperm. This cycle is a continuous process in women’s life till menopause.
Ovulation is controlled by the two important hormones which are generated by the pituitary gland is the Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) and the Luteinizing Hormone (LH). FSH controls the synthesis of eggs in the ovaries. This hormone is the activation hormone that will prevent the productions of eggs in the ovaries. LH will help to discharge the eggs from the ovaries every month for the ovulation process. This hormone will trigger your ovary to weakest the mature egg from the sac.
Three main events occur in the life of women with PCOS or PCOD. You can also call it significant symptoms you will face when diagnosed with PCOD or PCOS.
- Production of Cysts in the ovaries
- Irregular or fewer menstrual periods
- The higher production level of the male hormone in women
When it comes to the cost of women’s ovaries, you should know that the price is the water facts formed in the ovaries. Cysts are the follicles present in the ovaries, and the production of eggs also takes place in the ovaries, but they will never be mature enough to release from the ovary. As we know, the production of the male hormone will increase. Still, it will also lower the production of other hormones responsible for ovulation, which are FSH, LH, Progesterone, estrogen, etc. Reducing the level of these hormones will lead to irregular periods.
Causes Of PCOD/PCOS:-
Through several studies and surveys, there is no one responsible reason for the hormonal imbalance in the body, but there are few reasons that can cause this condition.
Most doctors say these conditions have been seen in women whose families have also gone through the same. This syndrome runs in the family because of the unique genetic combination. If your family members have the same problem, then discuss it with your doctor, and they will help you with some drugs to control the balance of the hormone.
From the different studies, it is found that more than 70% of the women with this syndrome have insulin resistance. It simply means that the cells of their body don’t know how to use insulin created by the pancreas; when your body cells don’t know how to use this insulin in your body, the demand for insulin production increases, which will lead to more insulin production by the pancreas.
When the level of insulin increases, then the production of the male hormone will also increase in your body, which will lead to this syndrome.
Higher inflammation levels will cause the higher production of the male hormone that is Androgen. Inflammation will increase due to being overweight or obese.
Symptoms Of PCOD/PCOS:-
Most of the time, women know about their condition when they get their first period, but few women are diagnosed with this syndrome when they gain a lot of weight or have some issues getting pregnant.
Fewer Or Irregular Periods:-
Due to the lower production of the FSH and LH, women will have irregular periods, or sometimes they will not get any periods due to the higher production of male hormones.
When you get your period after a long time, it will be heavier than the normal one.
Hair growth will increase on the face and body of the women.
Acne And Darkening Of Skin:-
The higher production of the male hormone will lead to oily skin and dark spots in the face.
With a few lifestyle changes, you can control the balance of the hormone in your body. Most women try to stay fit and follow the diet, and I am also one of them, which will help you lower the insulin level and help you stay away from long-term conditions. To control the hormone level, you can higher the cholesterol level in your body, which will help you stay in balance. Losing weight is the best option to avoid this condition.