Eczema is a skin ailment that results in dry, itchy skin patches. It is a typical condition that is not spread by others. If you come into contact with an allergen or irritant, your eczema symptoms may worsen. There is no cure for this condition. However, there are therapies that can help you manage the symptoms.
When you have eczema, your skin has a difficult time retaining moisture, which causes it to become dry and easily inflamed. Chemicals are released as a result, which aggravates your itching and makes you want to scratch. Scratching just makes your skin itch more, and the cycle keeps repeating. This can be really annoying.
What Kinds Of Eczema Are There?
Eczema comes in a variety of forms. The barrier function of your skin can be impacted by each type’s distinct triggers, which include:
- Dermatitis atopy.
- Dermatitis from contact.
- Eczema with dyshidrosis
- Embellished eczema.
It is possible to experience multiple eczema types concurrently.
Who Is Affected By Eczema?
Anyone, at any age, can get eczema. Symptoms typically start in early childhood and persist through maturity. If you have a history of eczema in your family or have been diagnosed with:
Causes Of Eczema:
Although its specific etiology is unknown, eczema can run in families. Atopic eczema increases your risk of developing other allergy diseases like hay fever or asthma. Eczema’s exact cause is unknown; however, many medical experts concur that a combination of hereditary and environmental factors may be to blame.
If one or both parents have eczema or another atopic disorder, their children are more likely to do as well. If one or both parents have an atopic disorder, the risk is raised.
Some environmental factors may also make eczema symptoms worse. These include:
Irritants: These include fresh fruit, vegetable, and juices, as well as soaps, detergents, shampoos, and disinfectants.
Allergens: Mold, dust mites—all of these can cause eczema. This condition is called allergic eczema.
Microbes: These include viruses, certain fungi, and bacteria like Staphylococcus aureus.
Extreme heat and cold, high and low humidity, and perspiration from physical activity can all aggravate eczema.
Foods: Wheat, soy, almonds, seeds, and dairy products, can all aggravate eczema.
Although stress does not directly cause eczema, it can make the condition worse.
Symptoms Of Eczema
- Dermatitis atopica on the chest
- Pediatric eczema
The signs and symptoms of atopic dermatitis (eczema) can arise anywhere on the body and differ greatly from person to person. They may consist of:
- Cracked, dry skin
- Itchiness (pruritus) (pruritus)
- Depending on your skin tone, a rash on swollen skin will have a different color.
- Small, raised pimples on dark-skinned individuals
- Crusting and oozing
- Extra-thick skin
- The skin around the eyes becomes darker
- Skin that is itchy and raw from rubbing
Atopic dermatitis frequently starts at age 5 and can last into adolescence and adulthood. Some patients experience flare-ups followed by lengthy periods of improvement.
Eczema Is Diagnosed In What Way?
The diagnosis of eczema is made by a medical professional after a physical examination during which they can carefully examine your skin. Since eczema is frequently diagnosed in youngsters, this occurs most frequently, but a diagnosis can be made at any age if symptoms start to appear.
Eczema symptoms can resemble those of other illnesses. To confirm your diagnosis and rule out other diseases, your doctor can suggest tests. Tests might comprise:
Test For Allergies.
- Blood tests to look for other non-dermatitis causes of the rash.
- A skin sample to differentiate between different types of dermatitis
How Is Eczema Handled?
Your primary care physician, dermatologist, or allergist can assist you in choosing the best eczema treatment. The optimal course of treatment for you will depend on the type and severity of your eczema. Combining several therapies might be effective.
Options Consist Of:
- Antihistamines sold over-the-counter (OTC) orally help reduce itching. They work by halting the allergic reactions that histamine causes. They can make you drowsy, so it’s better to take them when you don’t need to be awake.
Diphenhydramine (Benadryl), fexofenadine (Allegra), cetirizine (Zyrtec), and loratadine (Claritin)
Creams and ointments containing cortisone (a steroid) help ease scaling and itching.
Eczema cannot be cured, but with the correct therapies, the condition’s symptoms can be effectively managed. Treatment options include taking medication and changing one’s lifestyle. Eczema occasionally results in additional health issues such as infections, asthma, or deteriorating skin. Fortunately, identifying the appropriate therapies can aid in avoiding problems.