Cancer is an illness when the body’s cells proliferate unchecked. Even if it later travels to other body areas, cancer is always designated for the area of the body where it first manifests. Cervical cancer is the term given to cancer that first develops in the cervix. The vagina (birth canal) and the top section of the uterus are connected by the cervix. When a woman is pregnant, a baby develops in the uterus (also known as the womb).
The cervical disease can develop in anyone who has one. Persons above 30 are more likely to suffer from it. The major cause of cervical cancer is a persistent infection with specific kinds of the human papillomavirus (HPV). When two individuals have sex, the widespread virus HPV is transferred from one person to the next. However, only a small percentage of women will develop cervical cancer. At least half of sexually active adults will have HPV at a certain point in their lives.
Early on, cervical cancer frequently shows no signs. If you do experience symptoms, atypical vaginal bleeding, which can happen after intercourse, in between periods, or after menopause, is the most typical. The five-year rate of relative survival for cervical cancer individuals who are diagnosed at the earliest possible stage is above 90%. Roughly half of the cervical cancer cases are found early on. If cancer has progressed to further tissues or organs, the five-year rate of survival is 58%.
The HPV vaccine and screening methods can help to prevent cervical cancer. Early diagnosis of cervical cancer increases the chance of a long life and a great quality of life, and it is also highly treatable.
Advanced Cervical Cancer Complications
Advanced cervical cancer complications might include:
- Kidney failure
- Clots of blood
In the case that the disease spreads to your:
- Nerve cells
Medication is generally effective in treating this pain.
Depending on how much pain you are in, you may get different medications.
It could be:
- NSAIDs, such as aspirin, are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications.
- Codeine and morphine are two effective analgesics.
If the prescription medications aren’t helping, let your care team know. Maybe you require stronger medicine. A brief radiation regimen may also be helpful.
Cancer may result in an accumulation of urine inside the kidneys in some circumstances of advanced disease (hydronephrosis). Loss of kidney dysfunction may result from this. Kidney failure is what this is.
Multiple symptoms, such as the following, can result from kidney failure:
- Highly vascularized hands, feet, or ankles brought on by water retention
- Breathing problems
- Feeling unwell
- Urine with blood in it (haematuria)
Draining urine from the kidneys is one kidney failure strategy for treating. This includes inserting a catheter into each kidney through the skin.
The ureters might be enlarged as an additional therapy option. A tiny metal tube known as a stent is inserted inside of them to achieve this.
Clots of blood
All cancers can make the blood “stickier” and more susceptible to clotting. The chance of getting clotting can also rise with bed rest following chemotherapy or surgery.
Huge tumors may put more pressure on the pubic veins. This decreases the blood flow and increases the risk of leg blood clots.
- Blood clot signs in the legs include:
- Your leg feels sensitive, painful, and inflamed (usually your calf)
- Your leg skin is warm and ruddy.
The risk that a blood clot from a leg vein will rise to the lungs is indeed very high in these situations. This might stop the blood flow. A blood clot is what this is, and it can be deadly.
Medications and pressure are frequently used to treat clots in the legs. A blood-thinning medicine, such as thrombin or warfarin, will be given to you. You’ll also be advised to wear compression clothing. These will help to increase blood flow to the legs.
Cancer can seriously harm you if it decides to invade your vagina, colon, or urine. Bleeding may happen as a result.
You may bleed when you urinate, or it may happen in your vagina or rear channel (rectum).
Medication is frequently effective for treating minor bleeding. The name of this medication is tranexamic acid. It stimulates blood clotting and enables the bleeding to cease. Controlling bleeding induced by cancer can also be done very well with radiotherapy.
Normally, there are no symptoms or indicators of early-stage cervical cancer.
Advanced cervical cancer indications and symptoms include:
- Vaginal bleeding following sex, during menstruation, or following maturity
- Possibly heavy and smelly watery, bloody vaginal bleeding
- Genital pain or discomfort during sexual contact
A cervical oncologist is a specialist in the cervical cancer therapy group (a doctor who specializes in cancers of female reproductive organs). The suggested course of action for cervical cancer varies based on a variety of criteria, including the disease’s phase, your age, overall health, and if you plan to have a child in the future.
Radiation therapy, chemotherapy, surgery, laser surgery, and immunology are all available therapy for cervical cancer.