In present times, all the Western nations are facing an epidemic of teen pregnancy. In Africa, countries are on the verge of losing their entire populations to the HIV epidemic. There can be only one solution—comprehensive sexual education. But unfortunately, in many societies, this is still considered a taboo. Health ministries all over the world and health specialists like doctors, nurses must spread the information of safe sex to kids all around the world.
Basic Terms Need To Know Before Getting Acquainted About Sex Education Of Kids
- What is sex education? – Sex education, by definition, means the teaching and learning of sex in a balanced way. This consists of topics which concern
- Human development – Human development is a vast subject which includes puberty, sexual orientation, reproduction, gender.
- Human relationships – Human relationships consist of friendships, families, dating and romantic relationships.
- Sexual mannerisms – Sexual mannerisms include the virtues of abstinence and sexuality in your adult life.
- Personal skills – This is also a very crucial aspect, which consists of negotiation, making decisions and interaction.
- Sexual Health – Sexual health includes contraception, pregnancy, and sexually transmitted diseases.
- Society – The society also plays a critical role like diversity, sexuality and gender roles, as demarcated.
Biological Aspects Of Sex Education – Now, let us provide a concise introduction to the biological aspects of sex education.
- What exactly is reproduction?
- Reproduction is the natural process by which humans procreate. In humans, there are two types of sexual cells, popularly known as gametes. The male gamete is called sperm, and the female gamete is known as an ovum. The sperm fertilizes the ovum in the reproductive system of the female. This fertilized egg is known in the biological terms, called a zygote. This zygote, later on, becomes a fetus.
- The baby inherits specific characteristics from its parents, known as genes. These genes make the baby unique and also similar to their parents in specific ways.
- Female reproductive system – The female reproductive system is a crucial part of the process of giving birth to children. Its primary functions consist of:
- Producing ova or eggs.
- Having intercourse with a partner.
- Nourish the egg, which is fertilized.
- Giving birth to babies.
- Male reproductive system – The male reproductive system consists of organs, which are essential for participating in the reproductive system. These include
- Duct system
- Accessory glands.
Some Basic Things About Puberty – Now let us examine the important topic of puberty.
- What is puberty?
- Puberty refers to the biological state when your body starts to develop. It varies for males and females. There is a special hormone released in the brain of both men and women known as a gonadotropin-releasing hormone.
- In males, it goes through the blood and makes the testis to start the production of sperm and testosterone, which is essential for making babies.
- In females, this hormone makes the ovaries to produce estrogen. Estrogen then stimulates the girls for reproduction. Breasts start growing in the body. The general age for puberty is between 7 to 13 in girls and from 9 to 15 in boys.
- What are the characteristics of proper sexual education? – A good sexual education must have certain basic features. They are stated as follows.
- Good quality programs – Sex education programs must be well structured and then taught by trained teachers. This will make a big difference in the sexual health of young people.
- It should comply with the perspectives of young people – This is a crucial criterion, meaning that it should engage with the most pressing issues affecting young people like the effects of pornography, violence, and gratification.
The program must inform rather than promote risk – This implies that the sex education program must inform, empower and engage people, rather than focussing on the risk aspect too much.