A healthy liver has an amazing ability to grow back, regenerate when damaged. Any exposure to harmful chemicals harms the liver. When the liver is damaged, you develop hepatic (liver) failure and the liver may stop functioning correctly which can be a serious condition.
What Is Hepatic Disease?
When the liver is failing or has lost all its functions is known as Hepatic disease or Liver Disease. Immediate medical care has to be taken, as this can be a life-threatening condition. The first few symptoms of liver failure are mostly nausea, loss of appetite, fatigue, and diarrhea. As liver failure progresses, these symptoms gradually increase and become more serious. There can be a risk of coma and death.
General Symptoms Of Hepatic Disease?
- Jaundice, yellow skin, and eyes which occurs when the liver fails to properly metabolize or secrete the yellow pigment bilirubin in bile.
- Dark urine
- Bloody or black stool
- The decrease in the appetite
- Itchy skin
- Easy bruising, like the liver, fails to make the normal blood clotting proteins.
- Swollen ankles, legs, and abdomen, when the liver is unable to make albumin or albumin in serum gets too low.
Some Of The Common Liver Problems
- Hepatitis – Hepatitis is a viral infection of the liver which causes inflammation and liver damage which makes it difficult for the liver to function properly. All 5 types of hepatitis are contagious.
- Hepatitis A: Spreads through contaminated food or water, can be cured without treatment but takes a few weeks to cure.
- Hepatitis B: This can be acute or chronic which spreads through blood or serum. It can be treated if detected early.
- Hepatitis C: Can be acute or chronic. This spreads often through blood contact from someone with hepatitis C. This does not show any early symptoms but can lead to permanent liver failure.
- Hepatitis D: This is a serious form of hepatitis that develops in people only with hepatitis B.
- Hepatitis E: Mostly caused by drinking contaminated water. It clears up within a few weeks on its own with any complications.
- Fatty liver disease: Generally fats that build up in the liver, lead to fatty liver disease.
- Autoimmune conditions: This involves your immune system attacking cells and liver.
- Cancer: If cancer starts anywhere in your body and spreads to the liver also, its called secondary liver cancer.
Treatments And Therapies For Hepatic Disease – Treatment usually depends on the stage of the Hepatic disease caused.
- Surgery: If only some part of the liver is damaged, surgery is the solution to remove the damaged part.
- Liver Transplant: If the damage is too severe to be cured, a liver transplant is recommended.
- Getting vaccinated for Hepatitis A and B
- Protecting the skin from toxic chemicals
- Not drinking alcohol.
- Liver Biopsy to detect liver cancer.
- Cirrhosis, a complication of chronic hepatitis, can be cured by liver biopsy.
- Do not engage in the usage of drugs or the sharing of needles.
- Use of Aerosol spray cans in ventilated areas.
As these liver diseases are manageable if cured at an early stage. These can cause permanent damage if left untreated. Any symptoms detected, make sure to check with the healthcare provider urgently and do the necessary tests as needed.