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9 Causes Of Swelling In Leg And Their Treatment Options

In some circumstances, swelling in the legs and ankles can be considered normal. Peripheral edema, often known as leg and ankle swelling, results from fluid buildup in these body areas. However, frequent exercise, a balanced diet, and taking precautions to avoid injury to the legs can all assist.

Swelling In Leg

In some circumstances, swelling in the legs and ankles can be considered normal. Still, you should see a doctor if it develops suddenly, is not explained, or is accompanied by other symptoms. Without treatment, several health conditions that cause this swelling can be fatal. It’s not always possible to stop ankle and leg swelling. However, frequent exercise, a balanced diet, and taking precautions to avoid injury to the legs can all assist.

Peripheral edema, often known as leg and ankle swelling, results from fluid buildup in these body areas. This fluid buildup is painless unless it is caused by trauma. Any age can experience it, but older folks are more likely to do so. Depending on the etiology, the swelling may be unilateral or bilateral. Gravity makes the swelling in the legs and ankles more obvious.

Inflammation is what causes swelling after an accident, but swelling in the lower extremities that don’t seem to have a reason may indicate a significant underlying medical condition. So if you detect swelling in your ankles or feet, get quick medical attention. Treatment for peripheral edema typically involves addressing the underlying condition or using medication to help the body rid itself of extra fluid.

What Leads To Swelling Of The Legs?

  1. Pregnancy


By the third trimester, the expanding baby is putting strain on your legs’ veins. Your blood flow is slowed by this, which also leads to fluid retention. The outcome was a slight swell. Let your doctor know if you experience any further symptoms, as it may indicate preeclampsia, a dangerous condition:

  • Severe edema, particularly around your eyes
  • Awful headache
  • Vision alterations such as blurriness or light sensitivity

Consult your doctor if you experience shortness of breath and swollen legs in the final trimester or soon after delivery. This is a sign of peripartum cardiomyopathy, a form of pregnancy-related heart failure.

  1. Lymphedema


Lymphedema is the accumulation of lymphatic fluid brought on by the destruction or removal of lymph nodes. The protein-rich lymphatic fluid typically circulates through the lymphatic system’s channels and is filtered by the lymph nodes. The cause of this circumstance could be any issue with the system. Other signs of lymphedema include heaviness, discomfort, fibrosis of the skin, and recurrent infections. Patients who have had their lymph nodes removed or are undergoing radiation therapy for cancer frequently experience it.

  1. DVT And Thrombophlebitis:


If you have a blood clot in a vein in your leg, you have deep vein thrombosis (DVT). It might separate and make its way to your lung. A pulmonary embolism is what is experienced when that occurs, and it can be fatal.

Clots occur closer to the skin’s surface in thrombophlebitis, also known as superficial thrombophlebitis, and are less likely to separate.

One swollen leg, especially the calf, is one of the first signs of DVT or thrombophlebitis as blood accumulates there. If you experience any of the following symptoms, including swelling in one leg:

  • Leg ache, discomfort, or cramping
  • Skin with red or blue undertones
  • Warm-feeling skin
  1. Chronic Vein Insufficiency And Varicose Veins:

Varicose Veins

When the valves in your leg veins fail to keep the blood moving up toward your heart, you develop these disorders. Instead, it pools and backs up, resulting in bluish varicose vein clusters on your skin. Your legs may occasionally swell as a result.

Additional signs can include:

  • Long-term sitting or standing causes pain
  • Alterations in skin tone, such as brownish skin on your lower thighs or clumps of red or purple veins.
  • Cracked, irritable, and dry skin
  1. Infection:

Foot Swelling

Foot infections can sometimes cause ankle and foot swelling. Patients with diabetes who have diabetic neuropathy—nerve damage from high blood sugar—are more likely to get foot infections. In such individuals, foot wounds from trauma, insect bites, or blisters might result in serious illness. Maintaining control of your blood sugar and learning how to care for your feet if you have diabetes will help you avoid this.

  1. Heart Failure:

Heart Failure

When the heart is unable to properly pump blood. Due to the blood not properly reaching the heart, this results in swollen feet. Along with these symptoms, you can also feel tachycardia (rapid heartbeat), acute weakness, chest pain, difficulties exercising, and an enlarged abdomen.

  1. Liver Disease:

Liver Disease

Liver problems can cause an overabundance of fluid to collect in the feet and legs, causing edema. Alcoholism, genetics, obesity, and viral infections are all potential causes of liver issues. Jaundice, itchy skin, dark urine, pale stools, fatigue, poor appetite, and easy bruising are some of the symptoms.

  1. Knee Bursitis:

Knee Bursitis

A bursa, a fluid-filled sac that serves as a cushion between bone and muscle, skin, or tendon, is inflamed.

  1. Kidney Problems:

Kidney Problems

When your kidneys aren’t functioning properly, you can get long-term kidney disease. Fluid builds up in your body instead of filtering water and waste from your blood, which results in swelling in your arms and legs.

You can also experience the following signs:

  • Fatigue
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Nausea
  • Excessive thirst
  • Bleeding and bruising

Swollen legs, ankles, and feet can also be a symptom of acute kidney failure, which occurs when the kidneys stop functioning suddenly. However, it typically occurs when you are hospitalized for another issue.

Treatment Of Swollen Legs

Home remedies, such as drinking more water, getting a massage, and changing your diet, can help you reduce swelling in your feet. The root reason may require different treatment.

  1. Every Day, Consume 8 To 10 Glasses Of Water.

Drinking Water

Despite the seemingly opposite, drinking adequate water really lowers edema. When you don’t drink enough water, your body holds onto the liquid it does have. The swelling is a result of this.

  1. Spend 15 To 20 Minutes Soaking In A Cool Epsom Salt Bath.

Salt Bath

Magnesium sulfate, or Epsom salt, may be useful for other types of pain as well. Moreover, it might lessen swelling and irritation. The idea behind Epsom salt is that it eliminates toxins and promotes relaxation.

Just be sure to get Epsom salts that are USP-marked. This indicates that it complies with requirements established by the American Food and Drug Administration and is risk-free to use.

  1. Position Your Feet Higher, Ideally Over Your Heart.

Raise Your Feet

While you sleep, raise your feet on bolsters, pillows, or even objects like phone books. Try elevating your feet many times a day if you want to lessen foot swelling while pregnant. Even on an ottoman or chair, aim for roughly 20 minutes at a time.

Get off your feet whenever you can, and try to avoid standing for extended periods of time.

  1. Pedicured Feet

Pedicured Feet

Massage can help reduce stress and be beneficial for swelling feet. Massage your feet towards your heart with firm strokes and some pressure (or have someone massage them for you!). This may aid in removing fluid from the area and bringing down swelling.

When To Visit The Doctor

Every person is unique. Some of these treatments might not work for everyone all the time, depending on what is causing the edema. Never be afraid to attempt another or combine two methods if the first one doesn’t work.

Call your doctor if none of these home remedies work to reduce your swollen feet or if you have any further symptoms. These signs and symptoms could point to a medical issue that requires attention. If your doctor determines that taking medicinal action is required to lessen fluid retention, they may recommend diuretics.

Himanshu Shah is the chief marketing officer at 99HealthIdeas.Com, and he is also a young enthusiastic writer who is gumptious and talented. He has sound analytical and technical skills. He is a blogger, Digital Marketing Expert who likes to write about health and fitness.

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