Lower back pain is a prevalent affliction affecting old, young, men, and women. Though less in children, it increases as age grows. It can be caused by many factors such as lifestyle or wear and tear of your body, which happens gradually. There are plenty of reasons why you experience pain in the lower back. Some of the most habitual are underscored below.
Sprains And Strains
Spine pain in the lower back is often caused by pulled muscles, ligaments, or which are torn. It may happen due to bad posture, injuries due to sports, lifting heavy items, etc. It grows, due to repetitive strain over a considerable period as well.
Spondylosis is also a common affliction affecting the human body. This consists of osteoarthritis of the spine, also popularly known as degenerative joint disease. It causes wear as well as tear of the facet joints, spinal discs leading to inflammation, instability, pain, and spinal stenosis.
This disease is caused by intervertebral discs becoming dryer and thinner as age grows. The symptoms are abnormal narrowing of the spinal canal. Patients suffering from stenosis have stiffness in the morning and pain if they are in a standing position for more time and walk for short distances.
In this disease, there is swelling of the joints in the spine, which leads to inflammatory arthritis. You will have a lot of pain in the morning, and it gradually reduces with movement.
This affliction occurs when the bone present in the spine slips out of position, leading to stiffness and lower back pain. This will also lead to tingling and numbness. The causes are congenital disabilities, injury and wear and tear.
Lumbar Herniated Discs
In this disease, intervertebral discs in the lumbar spine can suffer a hernia, if their jelly-like center expands or breaks through the outer layer, leading to irritation or compression in the nerve root. If this happens, then it might lead to pain or numbness in all body parts. One of the most common symptoms is Sciatica, which impedes the nerve from the lower back to the feet, is due to nerve root impingement, and leads to numbness and pain in the back.
The pain in the lower back is often transported from the stones in the kidney. To cite an example, Stones in the kidney and infections in the urinary tract like cystitis will lead to bladder inflammation, which passes to the lower back. Pain in the lower back will be caused by pelvis or hip injury, digestive issues, or appendicitis.
Smoking leads to a reduction in blood supply to the spine, which leads the intervertebral discs to become old and increases exposure to injury and hernia.
You may not be surprised to know that sitting increases the possibility of lower back pain considerably. It leads to much more strain on the spine than walking or standing. Ensure that you avoid slouching and adjust your seat also.